Armenia is one of the oldest wine
producing regions of the world. Armenian wine recipes have been passed down for generations and preserved for centuries. Today, traditional wine presses and tried-and-true winemaking methods are used to produce a range of high-quality products.
According to biblical history, Noah's Ark was built to save Noah's family, and all kinds of animals from the Flood, which occurred, resulted in by the moral decline of man. Only at the moment when the water began to decrease, life was reborn and people were able to live on the earth and multiply again.
Billions of believers around the world consider Noah’s story to be their own story. Following them, the humanity was granted another chance in this way.
But the philosophy of this chapter of the Old Testament has a symbolic connection with the history of Armenia. It carries the idea of destruction and survival, and also allows you to look at the future of the country and people from a different point of view.
Armenians believe that the “mountains of Ararat” mentioned in the Book of Genesis as the resting place of Noah’s Ark do specifically refer to Mount Ararat. Therefore, it is considered a sacred mountain for many locals and has been featured in art and literature. However, this has not yet been proven by scholars.
Armenia, according to the bible, is the cradle of viticulture and winemaking. There are many interesting and beautiful legends about the invention of wine. The following legend is the oldest one: “humanity revealed the taste of wine and felt its influence when after the big flood, Noah planted the first vine at the foot of mount ararat. A goat discovered the secret of noah’s winemaking.The goat ate the wild grape vines and started pushing other animals as a result of drunkenness. After that, Noah planted grapes on the slopes of mount Ararat and made wine from the fruit. The wine was so delicious that he could not resist the temptation. He drank and got drunk.” Aside from the legends, it is scientifically proven that the ancient Armenian winemaking has a history of 6,000 years.
In 2011, the world’s oldest winery was discovered during the excavations near the village of Areni in Vayots Dzor, close to the bridge leading to the Noravank complex, in the “Bird’s Cave”. The winery found there caused great interest. Near the winery, there were also the remains of grape seeds. During the excavations, they also found grape-crushing tools, clay pot surrounded by grape clusters and dried vines, and even wine-drinking cup. This proves that people have lived there and have also engaged in grape cultivation. Grape planting was something like a feat for Armenians. Studies have revealed that besides Areni, there are no more places in the world where such a complex of wine exists.
The oldest sample of leather shoe made more than five and a half thousand years ago, was found in Areni 1 cave in Armenia. The shoe was found in near-perfect condition due to the cool and dry conditions in the cave and a thick layer of sheep dung which acted as a solid seal.
The shoe contained grass and the archaeologists were uncertain as to whether this was because the grass was used as insulation to keep the foot warm, or used to preserve the shape of the shoe while not being worn.
The archaeologists could not determine whether the shoe belonged to a man or a woman.They stated that "the shoe could well have fitted a man from that era". The shoe laces were preserved as well.
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